THE MASS MEDIA IN UKRAINE ARE STILL plagued by the same obstacles they have stumbled over since the country won its independence in 1991. Financially, the news business in Ukraine remains a risky enterprise because of the lingering post-Soviet economic crisis. Most publications, including many so-called independent periodicals, receive some form of state support, either direct or indirect. While a number of independent television and radio stations have emerged, the procedure for obtaining broadcast licenses and access to the airwaves is government-controlled and easily manipulated.

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