THE ALMOST FOUR YEARS OF INDEPENdence in Uzbekistan have seen many changes. The economy is privatizing. The country is shifting its focus, both economically and culturally, toward Asia. Most important, symbols of an Uzbek heritage are replacing symbols from the Soviet past. However, those changes pale in comparison with the sense of sameness that characterizes the current Uzbek state.

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.