7 March 1997 TWO YEARS BEFORE THE collapse of the Soviet Union, under Viktor Chernomyrdin’s leadership, Gazprom charted the path toward the hybrid “state capitalist” industrial structure that now dominates Russia’s “market” economy. Since then, the concern has managed to retain its monopoly position in the Russian economy and has become the world’s biggest producer […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.