15 March 1999 The years of German occupation are among the most sensitive in Lithuanian history. Under the Nazi yoke, the people of Lithuania became both victims and perpetrators of sustained violence that led to the death of as many as 250,000 people. The narratives constructed by Soviet leadership, emigres, and Jewish historians have differed […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.