15 March 1999 Almaty–Kazakhstan’s recent presidential elections highlighted a disturbing trend: over the last few years, media freedoms have been gradually dismantled in this Central Asian country–once considered one of the region’s leaders in democratic reform. Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has ruled Kazakhstan since 1989–when he was appointed first secretary of the Communist Party–received a new […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.