PRINT AND BROADCAST MEDIA IN TURKmenistan are anything but free. Like almost everything in the republic, the media remain tightly controlled by the authoritarian regime in Ashgabat. Aside from a handful of independent publications that fleetingly appeared in 1991, the media are still as much a creature of the state as they were in the Soviet era. Still, that element of continuity should not obscure the fact that Turkmenistan's media promote a different message now than in the pre-independence period.
You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.
Not a subscriber?
Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $134 per year.
Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 22,000 articles).
You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.