MEDIA:Tragicomic Repression in Turkmenistan

PRINT AND BROADCAST MEDIA IN TURKmenistan are anything but free. Like almost everything in the republic, the media remain tightly controlled by the authoritarian regime in Ashgabat. Aside from a handful of independent publications that fleetingly appeared in 1991, the media are still as much a creature of the state as they were in the Soviet era. Still, that element of continuity should not obscure the fact that Turkmenistan’s media promote a different message now than in the pre-independence period.