The strength of vernacular Islam and the regime’s tight control over the religious revival make Turkmenistan an unlikely candidate for an Islamic revolution by LOWELL BEZANIS LONG BORDERS WITH DIFFICULT NEIGHbors – Afghanistan and Iran – are not the only reasons armchair strategists are inclined to think Turkmenistan could fall under the influence of Islamic […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.