According to a study comparing 2,000 members of communist-era and contemporary elites in Hungary, Poland, and Russia, a sizable portion of the communist elite is still holding the reins of power. And the party membership that facilitated careers under communism prevails now among people in top economic management positions. by JAKUB KARPINSKI WHO ARE THOSE […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.