Mortality weighs heavily on the mind of the first and eternal president of Turkmenistan as, haunted by the image of his mother, he seeks vengeance on his opponents and alleged would-be assassins. You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber. Not a subscriber? Subscribe today for access to: Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles). You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.