Posted inCentral Asia, Regions

Challenging Authoritarianism

by Dr. Roger D. Kangas For Uzbekistan, 1999 was a year in which open challenges to the authority of President Islam Karimov were demonstrated. By year’s end, he was able to maintain his authority and, to an extent, tightened his grip on the reins of power. That said, problems in the economy continued, leaving open […]