22 October 2001Abkhazia threatens to make preemptive strikes against “terrorists” in Georgia and applies for “associate membership” of the Russian Federation. PRAGUE, Czech Republic–The fighting that broke out in early October between Abkhazian troops and a guerilla force continued, with Vladislav Ardzinba, president of the breakaway republic, promising to “tear [the invading force] to shreds […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.