by Rafis Abazov When President Askar Akayev presented his annual message last year to parliament, he hardly mentioned the achievements of 1999. “The difficulties of the past continue their negative effect on our economy,” he said. There were serious reasons behind this remark. The year 1999 did not reward Kyrgyzstan’s politicians with good news, despite […]

You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber.

Not a subscriber?

Annual membership costs only $55 per year for individuals ($33 for students) and organizational subscriptions start at $141 per year.

Subscribe today for access to:
Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles).

You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.