After 12 years of research, policy-making, and funding in Central and Eastern Europe, why have ordinary Roma seen so few tangible benefits? You have reached a premium content area of TOL. To read this entire article please login if you are already a TOL subscriber. Not a subscriber? Subscribe today for access to: Full access to the website, including premium articles videos, country reports and searchable archives (containing over 25,000 articles). You can subscribe here to gain access to the entire website.